About the Olympic Games
Golf appeared at the Olympic Games for the first time in Paris in 1900. 22 golfers competed– 12 men and 10 women. The 1904 tournament was held in St Louis, Missouri and featured 77 golfers – all male. Golf was not included in future Olympic Games, until after more than a century, when it was readmitted onto the Olympic Programme at the 121st IOC session in Copenhagen in 2009.
After an absence of 112 years, the opening tee shot of the Olympic Golf competition was struck at 07.30am on Thursday, August 11, 2016, at Reserva da Marapendi Golf Course in Rio de Janeiro.
Golf will again be played at the Games in Tokyo 2020, Paris 2024 and Los Angeles 2028.
|PARIS 1900||GOLD||SANDS, Charles||USA – United States|
|SILVER||RUTHERFORD, Walter||GBR – Great Britain|
|BRONZE||ROBERTSON, David||GBR – Great Britain|
|GOLD||ABBOT, Margaret||USA – United States|
|SILVER||WHITTIER, Pauline||USA – United States|
|BRONZE||PRATT, Daria||USA – United States|
|ST LOUIS 1904||GOLD||LYON, George||CAN – Canada|
|SILVER||EGAN, H. Chandler||USA – United States|
|BRONZE||MCKINNIE, Burt/NEWTON, Francis||USA – United States|
|GOLD||Team Event||USA – United States|
|SILVER||Team Event||USA – United States|
|BRONZE||Team Event||USA – United States|
|RIO 2016||GOLD||ROSE Justin||GBR – Great Britain|
|SILVER||STENSON Henrik||SWE – Sweden|
|BRONZE||KUCHAR Matt||USA – United States|
|GOLD||PARK Inbee||KOR – Republic of Korea|
|SILVER||KO Lydia||NZL – New Zealand|
|BRONZE||FENG Shanshan||CHN – China|
The list of all Olympians who took part in the Olympic Golf Competitions as of 2016 may be found here .
History of Golf in the Olympic Games
Two meetings – staged almost a century apart – have each played significant roles in establishing golf’s Olympic credentials.
It was on May 27, 1899, that the Organising Committee for the 1900 Games included golf in the list of sports to be featured on the programme for the Olympic Games in Paris in 1900.
Fast forward 90 years to October 9, 2009, in Copenhagen. At the 121st IOC session in the beautiful Danish city, golf was finally reinstated to the Summer Olympics, initially for Rio de Janeiro in 2016 and Tokyo in 2020.
The inaugural golf tournament in 1900 was won by Charles Sands of the USA with scores of 82 and 85. The silver medal went to Great Britain’s Walter Rutherford with another British golfer, David Robertson, collecting the bronze.
This was the first Olympic Games that included women and the only time prior to 2016 in which women’s golf was featured. Margaret Abbott from the USA was visiting Paris with her mother and both entered a nine-hole golf event that they believed to be the Ladies’ Championship of Paris.
Margaret Abbot, an American born in Calcutta, scored 47 and her mother came seventh. It wasn’t until after Margaret’s death in 1955, aged 78, that it came to light that she was, in fact, the USA’s first female Olympic champion.
A new golf course, Glen Echo, was built for the 1904 Olympics in St Louis, Missouri. A 20-year-old American, H. Chandler Egan, a Harvard student and the reigning U.S. Amateur champion, was a warm favourite to claim the gold medal. After qualifying for the match-play stages, Egan met Canadian George Lyon in the 36-hole final but lost 3 and 2 in difficult conditions.
Lyon, who did not take up the game until the age of 38 but managed to win eight Canadian Amateur Championships, travelled to London for the 1908 Olympic Games, but a disagreement over the format meant that there were no competitors from the UK and the event was promptly cancelled.
Lyon, as the sole competitor, was offered a second gold medal but declined. Golf was not included in future Olympic Games, but 112 years after St. Louis, it returns in 2016.
Golf in the Summer Olympics…some interesting facts
Golf appeared at the Olympic Games for the first time in Paris in 1900.
1900 was the only time women’s golf has featured in the Games.
22 golfers competed in Paris – 12 men and 10 women.
Margaret Abbot (gold), Pauline Whittier (silver) and Daria Pratt (bronze) completed a clean sweep for the USA.
Abbot believed she and her mother, on holiday in France, were competing for the Ladies Championship of Paris.
Abbot received a porcelein bowl for winning and never knew she was Olympic champion – and the first woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
The 1904 tournament featured 77 golfers – all male.
In total , 93 different golfers appeared in the 1900 and 1904 Olympics.
Albert Lambert of the USA was the only person to compete both times.
Only the USA, Canada and Great Britain have won medals.
The United States also won the ten-man team event in 1904.
George Lyon, the 1904 gold medallist, only took up the game at the age of 38.
Golf was due to feature in London at 1908, played at Royal St George’s, Prince’s and Royal Cinque Ports.
Due to issues over eligibility, the home players withdrew, leaving Lyon as the only competitor.
Lyon was offered the gold medal, but declined.
Golf was removed from the list of optional sports at the IOC Congress in Lausanne.
After more than a century, golf was readmitted to the Olympic Games at the 121st IOC session in Copenhagen.
The opening tee shot was struck at 07.30am on Thursday, August 11, 2016, at Reserve da Marapendi Golf Course in Rio de Janeiro.
IGF Games Management Approach
The IGF and the Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (OCOG) are key partners in the organisation of the Olympic Games, due to the number of crucial areas impacting the success of the competition and the athletes’ experience. The IGF shares its expertise and experience to assist the OCOGs in all aspects of the organisation of the Olympic Golf Competition.
In the delivery of IGF events, it is usual practice for the IGF to define a project plan which outlines the key milestones, deliverables and outstanding issues of both parties which require resolution. This plan allows the IGF to track progress and to assign adequate resources to ensure tasks are completed and issues resolved in a timely manner. For the Games in Tokyo 2020, the “IGF-Tokyo 2020 Sport Delivery Plan” outlines the milestones to plan and track the progress of the delivery of the Olympic Golf Competition and is jointly monitored and updated by both the IGF and Tokyo 2020.
The IGF also holds regular conference calls with the OCOG in the planning phase which are scheduled according to the information that needs to be shared between IGF/Tokyo 2020 and the severity of any issues in the lead up to the Games. In addition, the IGF conducts a number of pre-Games visits to the host city to monitor the status of the project and to assist the OCOG in its planning, from both a Technical Operations point of view as well as from a Golf Course preparation point of view, the latter also known as the Golf Course Homologation process.
Venue Operating Plan Portal
As part of its Games Management approach, the IGF has developed an online tool to support the Organising Committees in the planning and operation of the Golf event at the Olympic Games, known as the Venue Operating Plan (VOP) portal. This tool, based on best practice and previous Games’ experience, outlines all the practical elements involved in the operation of the Olympic Golf Course at Games-time.
It provides details of aspects such as venue team roles and responsibilities, functional area activities and service level delivery, and the command and control structures of the venue. It also includes the tools, plans, policies and procedures that the Venue Team and the IGF will use on the ground during the Games.
The sport-specific elements involved in the running of the Olympic Golf Competition are a key part of the VOP, which include the preparation of the field of play, sport equipment, the competition schedule and format and the competition rules i.e. the Olympic Golf Regulations.
In the planning phase, the documentation is maintained and refined by both Tokyo 2020 and the IGF and is positioned as a ‘live’ planning document, used as a repository and tool to share information internally and externally. The documentation will culminate in a final plan reflecting integrated Games operations and is positioned as the “single source of truth” in the operation of the venue.
The VOP can be accessed here : (access limited to invited users)